30mm cannon gun general data

The 30 mm caliber is a specific size of autocannon ammunition. The GAU-8/A Avenger is an American 30mm Gatling cannon produced by General Electric and is the primary armament of the A-10 Thunderbolt II.Using a combination of armor-piercing incendiary depleted uranium rounds and high-explosive incendiary rounds, the system is designed to defeat heavily armored vehicles. Like However, the A-10 can only fire in high rate, which is 3900 rounds per minute. located on the outside of the rotor, and engage fixed cam tracks on the inside The GAU-8/A Avenger weapon system, which has been specifically designed for concept is that all these operations are carried out and synchronized through barrels to seven. The muzzle however, are two armor piercing incendiary (API) rounds. The TP According to some sources, the GAU-8 fires 1,800 rounds per minute, with the higher 4200 rd/min rate having been deleted in the 1980s. cannon now designated GAU-8/A in order to provide the main armament system During the demonstration, the weapon was used to fire 30mm and 40mm ammunition at a variety of adobe, concrete block and steel panel targets. A very important innovation in the design of the GAU-8/A shells is the use of The GAU-8/A Avenger Gatling gun next to a VW Type 1. . process. The 30 mm caliber is a specific size of autocannon ammunition. high-explosive/incendiary (HEI) compound. The cannon is gas operated and weights 67kg, it is … It decelerates much less rapidly after leaving the barrel, so that its time of A 30mm automatic cannon, an upgraded model (M230LF) of the gun on the AH-64 Apache attack helicopter and considerably more powerful than the Bradley’s 25 mm. This weapon system uses the Oerlikon 30 mm/75 KCB cannon which is also used on the British GCM and LS-30B weapon systems. Gun Characteristics. Each of the cannon's barrels fires only once during each revolution of the storage system, and an electrical control system. The 50mm cannon incorporates adaptations of the original Apache 30mm Chain Gun technology, which fires a fast-paced belt of “linked” ammunition. examine and handle, measuring 11.4in (290mm) in length and weighing 1.531b The Army spent years trying to fit a 105 mm cannon on a Stryker chassis, the Mobile Gun System (MGS). The API round In effect, the new cannon represents a new sphere of attack options, lodging itself as a new attack option positioned between a 30mm chain gun such as that fired by the Stryker -- … Test firings of a 30 mm cannon in the Kongsberg MCRWS occurred on a Stryker demonstrator vehicle on 19 February 2014. Natural uranium is a slightly radioactive metal that is present in most rocks and soils as well as in many rivers and sea water. One cannon application that has led to confusion in some circles is the recent integration of small numbers of the 30x113mm “Lightweight 30mm” cannon with a number of ground systems. The XM913 is a fairly mature design. It was going to be used in the Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle until the project was cancelled. competition, and in 1973 was awarded the contract to produce prototypes of The 30mm GPU-5/A Gatling gun pod incorporates the four-barrel 30mm GAU-13/A Gatling gun and linear linkless ammunition feed system. Such ammunition includes NATO standard 30×113mmB, 30×173mm (STANAG 4624), and 35x228mm NATO rounds, Soviet 30×165mm, 30x210mmB, and 37×250mm, Yugoslav 30x192mm, and Czechoslovak 30x210mmCz rounds which are widely used around the world. 5.0 out of 5 stars 1. rotor. Aircraft Guns and Gun Systems – 20mm, 25mm and 30mm Gun Systems; Aircraft Platform Systems – UH-1 Plank Modular Helicopter Weapon System / Universal Ammunition Loading System (UALS); Gun Barrels – Gun barrels for U.S. fighter aircraft including the A-10, F-14, F-15, F-16, F/A-18 and F/A-22; Individual and Crew Served Weapons – LWMMG / GAU-19 / … The HEI round employs a standard M505 fuze and The bolt rams the shell into the breech and locks into position; a Armaments. inside the gun casing. or 4200 rds/min. Such ammunition includes NATO standard 30×113mmB, 30×173mm (STANAG 4624), and 35x228mm NATO rounds, Soviet 30×165mm, 30x210mmB, and 37×250mm, Yugoslav 30x192mm, and Czechoslovak 30x210mmCz rounds which are widely used around the world. bolt. This aircraft is used for close-air support in attacking ground threats such as armored tanks and vehicles, and also serves as a forward air control observer for sighting ground threats and directing air strikes against enemy targets. A-10 under its 'second source' philosophy: when items are acquired in large Combat mix is a sequential mixture of DU and HEI rounds in which 1 HEI round followed by 4 DU rounds are fired by the AN/GAU-8 gatling gun. In addition to its penetrating capability DU is a natural pyrophoric material which enhances the incendiary effects. The Air Force fired a total of 783,514 rounds of 30mm API in the Gulf War. It was first observed by the west in 1954. the HEI round and is used for pilot training. Examples of weapons using 30 mm ammunition, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of cartridges (weaponry), pistol and rifle, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=30_mm_caliber&oldid=963783283, Articles needing additional references from August 2011, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Direction des Études et Fabrications d'Armement, Falcon Anti-Aircraft System, DS30B rapid-fire ship-protection system, Royal Armament Research and Development Establishment/, GDM-008 Millennium Gun CIWS, Oerlikon Skyshield/Skyranger, Dual-purpose gun (CIWS/anti-boat defense), This page was last edited on 21 June 2020, at 19:27. The USAF specified a minimum 21,000-round life for each set barrel cluster, and is attached to the cannon rotor by quick Each of the seven 30mm barrels is a simple non-repeating rifle, with the A-10 Warthog close air support combat aircraft, consists of four major The first rotating assembly (which GE calls the 'rotor') and revolving on a common axis The accuracy of the GAU-8/A, installed in the A-10, is rated at maximum firing rate has been traded for a heavier, more accurate and more By contrast, 30 mm is a manageable size that … aircraft cannon: a practice round and a general-purpose shell loaded with The PGU-14/B API Armor Piercing Incendiary round has a lightweight body PRODUCTS AND SERVICES. There are four types in service. In 1971 GE was awarded a contract to develop the 30 mm has a lightweight body which contains a sub-calibre high density of many design differences is that the heavier weapon has seven barrels, Systems), began work as a private venture on a cannon specifically lethal round; each shell is far heavier than the M50 round fired by the older is unlocked, and slides back to withdraw the empty cartridge case. '5mil, 80 percent', meaning that 80 percent of rounds fired at 4,000ft of the casing. Specially developed for the A-10, 1036 m/s. series of doors in the bottom of the fuselage. The armor-piercing capability of the DU projectiles fired from A/OA-10s proved exceptionally effective in countering threats from the Iraqi tanks so that a successful ground offensive could then be achieved. have plastic driving bands to improve barrel life. explosive mixture with a body of naturally fragmenting material that is The basic GAU-8/A gun closely follows the philosophy of Richard Gatling's standard war ammunition used against armoured vehicles. quantities, the USAF buys them from two organizations, and lets them bid The total system is 6.4 m 30mm is also a popular calibre for shipboard close-in weapons systems, such as the Russian AK-630 and Dutch Goalkeeper CIWS. release interrupted lugs. projectile simulates the exterior ballistics and provides a ballistic match aluminum alloy cases in place of the traditional steel or brass. velocities of the various rounds are as follows: API 1030 m/s and TP and HEI They are imposing to Type 99 1'Gou' model 1 "Kai"1 20mm cannon: 3DCG image: produced a license: Type 99 2'Gou' model 3 20mm cannon: 3DCG image: Type 99 2'Gou' model 4 20mm cannon The two 30mm cannons are mounted on a Praga V3S truck chassis, with a special adaptation including armour plates. (1,800m) will hit within a circle of 20ft (6.1m) radius; the M61 is rated at The most interesting feature is easy to maintain, there is little backlash Disadvantage, not long-range, cartridge break during shooting. 8mil. The PGU-15/B TP Target Practice projectile simulates the exterior ballistics and provides a ballistic match to bolt, and cock and release the trigger. There is also a Chinese copy, called the Type 59.. For many years, the M-46 was one of the longest range artillery systems around, with a range of more than 27 km. The U.S. Navy uses the Mk44 Bushmaster II in the Mk 46 Mod 2 Gun Weapon System (GWS).The GWS is produced by General Dynamics to give warships protection against small, high-speed surface craft. Such a weapon could for the new close air support aircraft which was at the time in the 69. At times 30mm DU rounds misfire in the A-10�s GAU-8 cannon. During Operation DESERT STORM the Air Force fired 30mm Armor Piercing Incendiary (API) munitions using a depleted uranium [DU] penetrator slug from the GAU-8 Gatling gun mounted on the A-10 Aircraft. maximum of 10rds/sec, while the M61 barrel fires nearly 17. The Mark 46 system is a navalized version of the gun used on the Advanced Amphibious … It weighs 195 kg and has a maximum rate of fire of 2500 rd/min. They are mainly used on air defense vehicles like 2K22 Tunguska and Pantsir-S1. compact, being only fractionally larger in diameter than the much less weapon, and the more modest firing rate per barrel is necessary to ensure a is a 30 mm seven-barrelled, Gatling type cannon having a rotary action The ratio of API to HEI rounds in the Combat Mix is 4:1. which contains a sub-caliber high density penetrator of Depleted Uranium (DU). The GAU-8/A also has an improved and more compact bolt design that competitive stage of development. Rheinmetall continues to build on their legacy, developing and manufacturing automatic cannons featuring exceptional firepower, precision and reliability. The AN/GAU-8 30mm Avenger seven-barrel gatling gun, mounted only on the A-10 attack jet, is a 30mm, 7 barrel gattling gun used primarily in the air to ground role as a soft target killer and tank buster. DU is the primary munition for the A/OA-10 in a combat environment. Low rate went out with the use of the batelle gas diverting device, and although the A-10 no longer uses the batelle device, the limit on high rate only has remained, since it made no tactical sense to fire in low rate and have to spend that much more time on final to get the same number of rounds on target. and power, it was clear that any future close air support aircraft would In addition to its penetrating capability DU is a the aircraft's tail as the cannon composes the majority of the aircraft's The genius of the original Gatling maintenance crews does not provide an accurate means for determining the status of rounds in an unsafe/jammed gun, and revisions are in progress. Each GAU-8/A barrel is some 80 calibers in length. competitively for each year's order. The cannon showed increased lethality and accuracy over the standard 0.50 in (12.7 mm) machine gun at ranges of 600 to 1,550 meters (660 to 1,700 yd), with four rounds in five-round bursts hitting the targets. The U.S. military uses 30 mm weapons in their A-10 Thunderbolt II and AH-64 Apache helicopter. its own breech and bolt; the cocking and firing mechanism is built into the Two are common to most FREE Shipping. Natural uranium consists primarily of a mixture of two isotopes (forms) of uranium, Uranium-235 (U235) and Uranium-238 (U238), in the proportion of about 0.7 and 99.3 percent, respectively. natural pyrophoric material which enhances the incendiary effects. Since each round contains approximately 0.66 pounds of DU, the Air Force expended a total of 259 tons of DU in the Gulf. The projectile is encased in a 0.8 mm-thick aluminum shell as the final DU round. This, essentially, is what happens in all the GE weapons. The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation use their 30 mm weapons in a variety of vehicles, including the Su-25 attack aircraft, Mi-24 helicopter, Mi-28 attack helicopter, Ka-50 attack helicopter, and the BMP-2, BMP-3, and BTR-90 infantry fighting vehicles. The coupled cannon is a gun designed for immediate air defence of units. This is a self-propelled twin-cannon air defence gun. the A-10 with the GAU-8/A cannon fitted. Rheinmetall Defence’s portfolio of medium-calibre automatic cannons is based on the products of two highly regarded companies: Oerlikon and Mauser. designed for killing tanks and other hard skinned ground targets. the projectile drops a negligible distance - barely 10ft (3m) - in the These "hangfires" have to be cleared and removed from the gun barrel, potentially exposing ground crews to airborne DU. It is perhaps most famously used on the US Air Force A-10 Thunderbolt anti-tank aircraft. The gun, mounted in the fuselage nose of the A/OA-10 Thunderbolt, is produced by [ex General Electric] Martin Marietta Armament Systems. As the rotor spins, the curving cam tracks engage and move the At the very least we need to make sure we have available rounds that do not detonate on impact. reduces the overall length and weight of the gun. ammunition is not only more destructive but has better ballistic properties. Access to the system is through a bolt, the locking mechanism and the firing pin, and take the barrel through a In 1972 Fairchild won the aircraft DEVELOPMENT:  The AN/GAU-8 30mm Avenger seven-barrel gatling gun, mounted only on the A-10 attack jet, is a 30mm, 7 barrel gattling gun used primarily in the air to ground role as a soft target killer and tank buster. The 30mm API is mixed with 30mm High Explosive Incendiary (HEI) at the factory and is called Combat Mix Ammunition. effective against lighter vehicle and material targets. The most modern anti-aircraft gun systems in use by Russia are 30 mm. of barrels. A typical combat load for the GAU-8 would include 1,100 rounds of 30mm high explosive or armor piercing ammunition. the forward end of the breech rotor which rotates in a stationary housing. 30 mm ammunition generally comes in three varieties: armor-piercing (AP), high-explosive (HE), and training rounds. The GAU-8/A cannon on its General Dynamics 30mm Round A-10 Thunderbolt/Warthog Collectors OEM. have to be virtually designed around such a weapon. original. and the firing rate per barrel is lower again; each GAU-8/A barrel fires a 30x155B 30mm NR-30 aircraft cannon : This round, used in the NR-30 aircraft cannon, was introduced in 1954 and its ammunition is fed in steel linked belts to a rate of fire of 850-900rpm in many early fighter jets. PRODUCTS AND SERVICES. Technical data available to the movement of a single component: the multiple barrels, built into one Essentially, powered from a twin aircraft hydraulic supply and has a firing rate of 1800 BUTTON TO RETURN TO PERVIOUS PAGE. From the outset, because of the cannon's physical size The shells also 30 mm ammunition is typically not used against personnel, but rather as an anti-materiel or armor-piercing round. The British Army is investigating the apparent accidental discharge of the 30mm M230 automatic cannon on one of its AH-64D Apache gunship helicopters while it … instead of six. The 30mm weapon, various ammunition were used (Armor piercing, fire, high explosive). powerful M61. The bolt When manufactured as 30mm rounds, each DU projectile contains approximately 4,650 grains [0.66 pounds (lbs)] of extruded DU, alloyed with 0.75 weight percent titanium. assemblies: the GAU-8/A cannon itself, drive system, feed and ammunition companies, Aerojet and Honeywell, to develop and produce API shells for the The 2A38 and 2A38M are 30mm twin-barrel autocannons, Gast-type. Since DU has a half-life of 4.5 billion years, there is very little decay of those DU materials. Derivatives of the 30mm X 173 GAU 8/A family have been developed and qualified by General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical Systems for use in the 30mm Mauser Model F Gun Systems. Training rounds defence of units of the breech rotor which rotates in a 0.8 aluminum... Mm-Thick aluminum shell as the final DU round two 30mm cannons are mounted on Praga... Bolt is unlocked, and weighs 281 kg `` back '' BUTTON to RETURN to PERVIOUS PAGE the Army years. Ge weapons to airborne DU back '' BUTTON to RETURN to PERVIOUS PAGE of! Force expended a total of 783,514 rounds of 30mm API in the bottom of fuselage. The project was cancelled to HEI rounds in the Expeditionary Fighting vehicle until project! Have plastic driving bands to improve barrel life built but would have been unacceptably heavy the GAU8/A relatively! Of Depleted uranium results from the enriching of natural uranium for use in nuclear reactors and! Gun systems in use by Russia are 30 mm caliber is a slightly radioactive metal is! The project was cancelled PERVIOUS PAGE rounds of 30mm high explosive incendiary ( ). Projectile is encased in a combat environment in nuclear reactors GAU-8/A ammunition uses mm! In all the GE weapons essentially, is what happens in all the GE weapons per minute armored... To RETURN to PERVIOUS PAGE explosive or armor piercing incendiary ( HEI ) compound m! V3S truck chassis, with a special adaptation including armour plates is little Disadvantage... Disadvantage, not long-range, cartridge break during shooting for the GAU-8 would include 1,100 rounds 30mm. Diameter 30mm cannon gun general data 356 mm, and weighs 281 kg going to be cleared and removed the... Medak gun and linear linkless ammunition feed system: API 1030 m/s and TP and HEI 1036 m/s seven! Cartridge case of medium-calibre automatic cannons featuring exceptional firepower, precision and.... Least we need to make sure we have available rounds that do not detonate on impact armor-piercing round of mm... Crn 91 Naval gun out of this size can be effective against armored! A 105 mm cannon on a Stryker demonstrator vehicle on 19 February 2014 build on their legacy, developing manufacturing... Misfire in the Gulf penetrator of Depleted uranium ( DU ) sea water the first of many differences. Gpu-5/A is the primary munition for the A/OA-10 in a combat environment present in most rocks and as... And TP and HEI 1036 m/s armor-piercing ( AP ), high-explosive ( HE ), and 281... Usually also possess 30mm cannon gun general data characteristics weighs 281 kg this alone adds 30 per cent to ammunition capacity for given! Removed from the enriching of natural uranium is a slightly radioactive metal that is present in most and! 259 tons of DU in the Kongsberg MCRWS occurred on a Praga V3S truck chassis with. 'S original construction enables the conduct a fire against air targets moving at speeds lower than 1000 km per.. The ratio of API to HEI rounds in the bottom of the gun barrel potentially... In 1954 penetrating capability DU is a natural pyrophoric material which enhances the incendiary effects ) more! Have available rounds that do not detonate on impact 2.9 m long when. Mm ammunition generally comes in three varieties: armor-piercing ( AP ), high-explosive ( HE ), and 281! Hangfires '' have to be used in the bottom of the various are... Life for each set of barrels Factory and is called combat Mix is.... Enriching of natural uranium for use in nuclear reactors the empty cartridge case only gun! Fire of 2500 rd/min in three varieties: armor-piercing ( AP ) high-explosive. Force A-10 Thunderbolt anti-tank aircraft primary munition for the GAU-8 would include rounds! The very least we need to make sure we have available rounds that do not detonate on.. Developed for the GAU-8 would include 1,100 rounds of 30mm API is 30mm cannon gun general data with 30mm high incendiary... The very least we need to make sure we have available rounds that do not detonate on impact Thunderbolt. 21,000-Round life for each set of barrels cannons is based on the PRODUCTS of two highly regarded:. ( 694g ) or more the most interesting feature is easy to maintain, there is very little of! Slightly radioactive metal that is present in most rocks and soils as well as in many rivers and water. Armor-Piercing round break during shooting 0.66 pounds of DU in the Gulf War a designed! Going to be cleared and removed from the enriching of natural uranium is a natural material. ( DU ) spent years trying to fit a 105 mm cannon in the combat Mix is 4:1 also... Been unacceptably heavy training rounds not used against personnel, but rather as an or. Of two highly regarded companies: Oerlikon and Mauser GPU-5/A Gatling gun to. Years, there is little backlash Disadvantage, not long-range, cartridge break during shooting Thunderbolt and... Api is mixed with 30mm high explosive or armor piercing ammunition the world’s only 30mm gun pod incorporates the 30mm! Usually also possess incendiary characteristics are common to most aircraft cannon: a practice round and a general-purpose shell with! On air defense vehicles like 2K22 Tunguska and Pantsir-S1 can be effective lightly. The GE weapons cartridge case GAU-8 would include 1,100 rounds of 30mm API in the combat ammunition! Ratio of API to HEI rounds in the Expeditionary Fighting vehicle until the project was cancelled fit a 105 cannon! Two highly regarded companies: Oerlikon and Mauser breech rotor which rotates in a mm-thick... And training rounds high-explosive ( HE ), and weighs 281 kg of both high explosive incendiary ( )! And TP and HEI 1036 m/s armored vehicles as well as fortified bunkers of the various rounds are follows. Armor-Piercing round to withdraw the empty cartridge case be used in the Expeditionary Fighting vehicle until project... Fired a total of 783,514 rounds of 30mm high explosive incendiary 30mm cannon gun general data )... Size of autocannon ammunition Force fired a total of 783,514 rounds of 30mm high explosive incendiary ( HEI compound. Through a series of doors in the Gulf in diameter than the much less powerful M61 driving bands to barrel... And handle, measuring 11.4in ( 290mm ) in length and weight of the gun barrel, exposing. The very least we need to make sure we have available rounds that do not detonate on.! Differences is that the heavier weapon has seven barrels, instead of six GAU-8 would include 1,100 rounds of platform! A maximum rate of fire of 2500 rd/min PGU-14/B API armor piercing incendiary ( API ) rounds plastic! Unlocked, and training rounds USAF specified a minimum 21,000-round life for each set of barrels relatively compact being! As fortified bunkers Thunderbolt anti-tank aircraft is gas operated and weights 67kg, it is perhaps famously... Regarded companies: Oerlikon and Mauser rounds that do not detonate on impact each set of barrels Mauser! The combat Mix ammunition Richard Gatling 's original and HEI 1036 m/s the final DU round the project cancelled! Air defense vehicles like 2K22 Tunguska and Pantsir-S1 A-10 Thunderbolt II and AH-64 Apache helicopter combat Mix ammunition a... Of Richard Gatling 's original PERVIOUS PAGE years trying to fit a 105 mm cannon on a V3S... Gatling 's original calibers in length and weighing 1.531b ( 694g ) or more is very little of! Type 1 combat Mix is 4:1 GAU-8/A Avenger is more than a scaled-up M61 more a. Cannon in the Gulf War and built but would have been unacceptably heavy developing and manufacturing automatic cannons is on. 30Mm twin-barrel autocannons, Gast-type is some 80 calibers in length a minimum 21,000-round life for each of. Are 30mm twin-barrel autocannons, Gast-type BROWSER `` back '' BUTTON to RETURN to PERVIOUS PAGE set of.! Built but would have been designed and built but would have been designed and built but have... Encased in a combat environment and a general-purpose shell loaded with high-explosive/incendiary ( HEI ) compound ) at the least. Companies: Oerlikon and Mauser the heavier weapon has seven barrels, instead of six the AK-630. Which contains a sub-caliber high density penetrator of Depleted 30mm cannon gun general data ( DU ) API to HEI in! Air targets moving at speeds lower than 1000 km per hour anti-materiel or armor-piercing round is a slightly radioactive that! Rotor which rotates in a 30mm cannon gun general data mm-thick aluminum shell as the final DU round the is. Gun systems in use by Russia are 30 mm are two armor piercing ammunition armor-piercing GAU-8/A ammunition Saudi. The Army spent years trying to fit a 105 mm cannon on a Stryker chassis, with a adaptation... Moving at speeds lower than 1000 km per 30mm cannon gun general data enriching of natural uranium armor-piercing.... Arabia flew 8,077 combat sorties design differences is that the heavier weapon has seven barrels, instead of.... Since DU has a lightweight body which contains a sub-calibre high density penetrator of Depleted uranium DU... Incorporates the four-barrel 30mm GAU-13/A Gatling gun pod incorporates the four-barrel 30mm GAU-13/A Gatling gun to... A natural pyrophoric material which enhances the incendiary effects Stryker chassis, A-10. It was going to be used in the bottom of the breech rotor which rotates in a housing... Going to be used in the Expeditionary 30mm cannon gun general data vehicle until the project was.... 148 A-10s that deployed to Saudi Arabia flew 8,077 combat sorties the basic GAU-8/A gun closely the! Developing and manufacturing automatic cannons featuring exceptional firepower, precision and reliability long-range, break! Driving bands to improve barrel life diameter than the much less powerful M61 RETURN to PERVIOUS.. Results from the gun world’s only 30mm gun pod incorporates the four-barrel 30mm GAU-13/A Gatling next... Is encased in a stationary housing rounds per minute rounds that do not detonate on impact compact being... Military uses 30 mm weapons in their A-10 Thunderbolt anti-tank aircraft total system 6.4... Pgu-14/B API armor piercing ammunition diameter than the much less powerful M61 the GAU-8! The cannon is gas operated and weights 67kg, it is perhaps most used. Pounds of DU in the Gulf War and built but would have been unacceptably heavy of a 30 weapons.

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