brinjal varieties names

The harvest is ready for picking in 145 to 150 days after plantation. Other Varieties of Brinjal Manjri Gota, Vaishali, Pusa Kranti, Arka Sheel, Pusa Ankur, Arka Neelkanth, Pant Rituraj, T-3, Dudhia, Swarna Shree, Swarna Mani, Swarna shyamli, Swarna Pratibha, Swarna Shobha, Arka Avnish, Arka Harshitha, Kuchia, Pant Samrat. M ost of us think of eggplant as a large, dark purple, and oblong shaped vegetable that's always available. Normally, the fruits are oval in shape purple in color with white stripes. India happens to be the second-largest brinjal producing country in the world after China. Well, take a walk through a farmers market mid-summer and you'll realize that couldn't be further from the truth. We picked 10 of our favorites to share so the next time you're at the market, you'll be inspired to try whichever you may find. Required fields are marked *, Can You Eat Banana Leaves? The average return is 40 tonnes/ha. Brinjal is an erect annual plant, often spiny, with large, coarsely lobed fuzzy leaves, 10-20 cm long and 5-10 cm broad. Exotic Brinjal Varieties: UK Table Purpose Black Beauty. Grows well up to an elevation of about 1300m in low country wet zone, Intermediate, up country intermediate and dry zone. If a type of eggplant has ever stopped you in your … Black Beauty. Normally, the crop grows in 140 to 150 days. Eggplant is a staple food in India and other countries in South and Southeast Asia where it is called brinjal, along with over 30 Sanskrit names. The characteristic symptoms of this disease are wilting of the foliage followed by a collapse of the whole plant. Take good care while choosing the pot for growing this veggie. Brinjals can help in keeping your gut healthy and improve digestion, as they are a rich source of fibers. Pusa Purple Cluster of Brinjal Varieties: It is an early maturing and long fruited type sort. Varieties Brinjal has three main varieties, viz., the round or egg-shaped, the long and the dwarf. Usually, a warm-season crop, Baingan, can grow throughout the year in Indian plains. In Turkey, they are called patlican. The name brinjal is popular in Indian subcontinents and is derived from Arabic and Sanskrit whereas the name eggplant has been derived from the shape of the fruit of some varieties, which are white and resemble in shape to chicken eggs. It’s rarely bitter and cooks fast, as is the case with other small Asian Tag: Brinjal Varieties In Tamilnadu. Blacknite. Severely affected leaves drop off. Read up on the different types of eggplant and how to use each so you too can be an auber-genius. Eggplant is the common name in North American and Australian English but in British English it is aubergine. Normal yield is about 43 to 45 tonnes/ha. Common Name: Brinjal, Aubergine or Eggplant. Average yield is about 48 to 50 tonnes/ha. In Italy, they are called melanzana. The flesh of severely infected fruits rots. and yellow!) Flower parts are deformed leading the crops to be sterile. Phomopsis Blight: It’s a serious disease of brinjal infecting the foliage and the fruits. Fruits are tender and Free of bitter fundamentals with seed maturity. Organic Mint Farming (Pudina), Planting And Growing. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. 2 Origin and distribution Wild brinjal can be found growing in Malaysia and India. E arlier this month, the Narendra Modi government reportedly sanctioned biosafety field trials of two new transgenic varieties of brinjal, developed by a public sector research institute. Tłumaczenie słowa 'eggplant' i wiele innych tłumaczeń na polski - darmowy słownik angielsko-polski. Brinjal harvest is ready for first choosing within two months after transplanting in the field. Home Tags Brinjal Varieties In Tamilnadu. Two types of symptoms have been observed. Damping Off: The disease causes acute damage in the nursery. While the different varieties do range slightly in taste and texture, one can generally describe the eggplant as having a pleasantly bitter taste and spongy texture. Brinjal Varieties and Diseases Information. Soft texture with good cooking quality. These large dark purple eggplants are a bit smaller than globe eggplants and often … Brinjal Farming. This makes them exceptionally tender. This golfball-sized vegetable is bitter in taste; the seeds are particularly harsh and are removed before cooking. The other names for eggplant are aubergine, brinjal eggplant… Average yield is about 28 to 30 tonnes/ha. See more ideas about eggplant recipes, healthy recipes, vegetarian recipes. The constant raising of the nursery at the same plot ought to be avoided. Flowers white green small fruits are borne in the cluster. Normal return is about 15 to 16 tonnes/ha. 19. Plants show a stunted growth when Infected in the early stages. Italian Eggplant. This variety has a dwarf and spreading growth habit. 1 Its fruit is high in nutrition and commonly consumed as a vegetable.The fruit and other parts of the plant are used in traditional medicine. Florence Purple. Midseason purple long Asian type eggplant. The name brinjal is popular in Indian subcontinents and is derived from Arabic and Sanskrit whereas the name eggplant has been derived from the shape of the fruit of some varieties, which are white and resemble in shape to chicken eggs. Varieties. The name “eggplant” in the USA and Canada is derived from the egg-like shape of the fruit of some varieties. The topsoil 2 of nursery should be treated with Thiram @ 5 grams/m area of the dirt and toddlers should be drenched with the identical chemical @ 2 grams/liter of water in a fortnightly interval. Upon maturity, the fruits reach a golden yellow color. Mr. Reddy was born in farmer's family and was into 'IT' profession where he was not happy with his activities. The fruit colour varies from pure white to dark purple or black in different varieties. • The National Center on Plant Biotechnology (NRCPB) has developed Bt brinjal varieties expressing the cryFa1 gene. Fruit Rot: High humidity favors the development of the disease. Origin of Brinjal 2. These variety fruits are moderate with profound shining purple skin. Refs. 4.00/kg) Normal crop yield is approximately 37 to 38 tonnes/ha. It can grow in almost any kind of soil that is well-draining and fertile. Spraying with Dithane Z-78 (0.2%) or Bordeaux mixture (1 percent) effectively controls the disease within the field. Eggplants grow best in the garden when the soil temperature and daytime air temperature is at least 70°F and the night temperature is greater than 60°F. As different varieties of brinjal will need a different size of containers, large varieties will require larger pots to grow. The crop is ready for picking in 150 to160 days after planting. Almost all native speakers of American English understand what an eggplant is. Eggplant is a fruit that has captured the imagination and taste buds of many countries. This variety is moderately tolerant to take borer and little leaf disease. The eggplant is a delicate, tropical perennial plant often cultivated as a tender or half-hardy annual in temperate climates.The stem is often spiny.The flowers are white to purple in color, with a five-lobed corolla and yellow stamens.Some common cultivars have fruit that is egg-shaped, glossy, and purple with white flesh and a spongy, "meaty" texture. Explore {{searchView.params.phrase}} by color family Free from bitter principles with very excellent cooking qualities. bab.la arrow_drop_down bab.la - Online dictionaries, vocabulary, conjugation, grammar Toggle navigation The commercial cultivation of brinjal takes place in the states of West Bengal, Maharashtra, Bihar. Miniature Eggplant Varieties. Indian Eggplant – Light purple, round and tender, Indian eggplants, also known as baby eggplants, have a velvety interior and are perfect for soups, stews, and dips.. Rosa Bianca Eggplant – Heirloom variety Rosa Bianca eggplants are quick to catch the eye, Their bright purple to pink and white exteriors are plump and round. Brinjals contain bioflavonoids, which help maintain stress levels and blood pressure. Brinjal Farming - Detailed Information & Guide brinjal cultivation ppt brinjal farming in hindi brinjal cultivation in karnataka brinjal varieties names tomato cultivation brinjal hybrid varieties brinjal farming in gujarat brinjal farming & disease Little About Brinjal Farming Brinjal or eggplants are also one of the most common tropics … Control Measures: Removal and destruction of the affected plant parts and using disease-resistant varieties help to reduce the disease occurrence. Your Email I accept the privacy policy. Some are striped and round, others white and short, looking like a chicken egg, thus its most famous name. Watch Queue Queue. Brinjal is one of the most common tropical vegetables grown in India. Varieties Brinjal has three main varieties, viz., the round or egg-shaped, the long and the dwarf. Seed treatment with Thiram (two grams/kg seed) protects the seedling at the nursery phase. 1 It also comes in a variety of shapes and colors. Purple and white stripes. The harvest is ready for picking in 145 to 160 days after transplanting the crop. Little Leaf of Brinjal: This is a severe viral disease of brinjal cultivation. Itis considered to be related to tomato and potato. Suitable for spring and autumn plantings, the average yield is about 27 to 28 tonnes/ha. Breeding Goals 6. It is basically the size and shape of a golf ball, and instead of white or purple, this eggplant is a bright green color.Interestingly enough, small stripes of purple and white can also be found on some examples of this type. The fruit is nutrient-rich and has many health advantages. The roots of the affected plants are split open longitudinally, a feature dark brown discoloration in the event the xylem vessels are observed. Infection affected plant are generally shorter in stature bearing a large number of branches, roots, and leaves compared to healthy plants. While eggplant generally grows best in dependably warm and settled weather, we trial eggplant varieties for performance in less favorable conditions, as well as for superior flavor and appearance. Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a member of the nightshade plant family and is closely related to tomatoes. Well, it turns that there are a good amount of eggplant varieties other than the basic purple eggplant. This cultivar is a top yielding type with resistance to bacterial vaginosis. Plants are medium-sized, reach 18-24" tall, productive, and are semi-spineless with purple calyx. According to his compilation, there are […] Purple blossoms with a solitary posture custom. It's the perfect vegetable to be used for grilling, roasting, or baking with its slightly bitter taste that turns sweeter as it cooks. Spraying Phosphamidon (0.05%) at 10 days interval starting from 2 weeks to 3 months after transplanting effectively controls the aphids in the area. Later on, these spots coalesce leading to complete wilting of the leaves. This variety includes a stunt and dispersing type of growth habit. The crop is ready for harvesting in approximately 75 to 80 days after transplanting. So at the very least, choose a pot that is 12 inches deep and has proper drainage holes. This variety is an early bearing one and becomes prepared for the very first harvest within 45 to 50 days after transplanting. Djakhattou = French rendering of Western African name for African eggplant (Solanaceous aethiopicum L. (Kumba Group)) Diakatu = Solanum incanum L. Enjagi (Uganda) = Bitter berries ((Solanaceous aethiopicum L. (Gilo Group)) It’s an early maturing and long fruited type sort. Dairy Processing Plant Project Report, Setup Cost, Profit. This crop can be grown throughout the year in all Agro-climatic regions except up country-wet zone. In Spain, they are called berenjena. Before sowing the seeds should be dipped in a solution of Streptocycline (1 gram/ 40 liters of water) for 30 to 35 minutes. to choose from. You have entered an incorrect email address! Common name of Eggplant is the name which changes with change in the regions. Purple flower with all the solitary bearing habit. This eggplant comes in many colors, but is typically green with yellow or white stripes. It develops over time, according to use, look, and lore. Brinjal or eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is an important solanaceous crop of sub-tropics and tropics. Wonderfully versatile eggplant varies greatly from type to type. Seeds obtained from disease-free plants should be used for planting. Eggplant is tolerant to drought. Eggplant is a highly diverse crop widely cultivated around the globe. ADVERTISEMENTS: After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. The common name is widely used everywhere. Eggplant is the name that is very widely used in American English. Fruits are free from bitter principles with slow seed growth and good cooking quality. The vegetable has a variety of uses in the cuisines of all Indian states. Gardeners can choose from several kinds of Indian eggplants. The disorder is transmitted by the leafhopper. Burpee Eggplant Varieties: Grow an eggplant variety suited to the number of days in your region that can match the soil and air temperatures eggplants demand. Long Purple. also named Graffiti … Eggplant is also known as brinjal eggplant,melon gene and Guinea squash. Qualitative Genes 5. The stalks of these fruits bear spines. The petioles get briefer considerably, many buds show up in the axil of leaves and internodes become shortened thus providing the plants a bushy appearance. There are oh-so-many shades of purple (and white! The wilting is characterized by slow, sometimes sudden, yellowing, withering and drying of the whole plant or a number of its branches. Control Measures: The disease incidence could be minimised by reducing the population of aphids, removal, and destruction of contaminated plants and eradication of susceptible weed hosts. Brinjal (Solanum melongena), also known as eggplant or aubergine, is an easily cultivated plant belonging to the family Solanaceae. Your Name. This cultivar is a top yielding type with bacterial wilt resistance. These Variety fruits don’t shed colour and tenderness even on delayed harvesting. Subscribe to Get Posts in E-Mail. Common Name: Eggplant, Aubergine Indian Names: Baingan (Hindi), Badenekayi (Kannada), Kathirikayi (Tamil) Botanical Name: Solanum melongena Vegetable type: Berry (The brinjal is actually classified as a fruit!) 38, ISAAA: Ithaca, NY. Hybrid. Your email address will not be published. An eggplant is a species of nightshade flowering plant that bears the fruit of the same name and used in cooking. The symptoms on the affected fruits are in the form of large deep-seated spots. Use of barriers of trap plants and premature removal and destruction of infected plants is also recommended. Browse a huge selection of eggplant seeds and plants that ornamental in your vegetable garden or patio in stock at Burpee. Brinjal is one of the potentially important export vegetables and the export volume and the export value during the 1994-1996 period is presented in the Table. Origin of Brinjal: Daunay (2008) has covered eggplant breeding quite extensively. The name "eggplant" was given to the fruit by Europeans sometime in the mid-18th century. Breeding Methods 8. The fruits are ready for picking in 100 to 110 days after planting. Control Measures: Crop rotation with ladies finger (okra), tomato, and the potato should be prevented. Shikou means supreme in Japanese. The most common eggplant grown in Thailand is the Thai Eggplant. The brinjal is sold as seedlings in these States rather than seeds. Decided to come back to farming, agriculture sector as a Farmer and Writer. Eggplants from Japan are known for their thin skin and few seeds. Brinjal varieties are classified on the basis of their shape, size, and color. Brinjal is one of the most common tropical vegetables grown in India. The infected leaves reveal the presence of irregularly scattered necrotic pale yellow stains over the leaf lamina. Fruits are borne in the bunch. Besides, it requires a continuous supply of water and fertilizer according to soil quality.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'indiagardening_com-box-4','ezslot_0',109,'0','0'])); Manjri Gota, Vaishali, Pusa Kranti, Arka Sheel, Pusa Ankur, Arka Neelkanth, Pant Rituraj, T-3, Dudhia, Swarna Shree, Swarna Mani, Swarna shyamli, Swarna Pratibha, Swarna Shobha, Arka Avnish, Arka Harshitha, Kuchia, Pant Samrat. The leaves of infected plants are deformed, small and leathery. Brinjal or eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is an important solanaceous crop of sub-tropics and tropics. Noun: 1. brinjal - hairy upright herb native to southeastern Asia but widely cultivated for its large glossy edible fruit commonly used as a vegetable Eggplant is a staple food in India and other countries in South and Southeast Asia where it is called brinjal, along with over 30 Sanskrit names. Copyright 2020 India Gardening. Eggplant seeds grow well when intermingled with flowers. The word eggplant comes from British Colonized India where, at the time, the small, white, egg-shaped variety was popular. Fairy Tale Eggplant. Eggplant Varieties Easy to Grow include large oval eggplants, elongated eggplants, and white eggplants. Brinjal is an important vegetable crop of the Far East, Bangladesh, India, China and the Philippines. Of the more than 770 varieties of eggplant, some of the white fruits have names that include Casper, Easter Egg, Cloud Nine, Tango, Albino, Ghostbuster and White Beauty. Solanum melongena is commonly called Brinjal, which is believed to have grown in wilds of southern India for the first time, almost 1500 years ago. Give eggplants a warm location, warm soil and keep them evenly watered and stress free and they will reward you with beauty and flavor. National Average Yield, Unite Cost of production and Net return of Brinjal during 1998-2001 (Assuming Cost of Production is Rs. These eggplants are very bitter and very small. Bacterial Wilt: Bacterial wilt disease causes a serious problem in brinjal growing. Aubergine is the British name for brinjal and in United States, Australia and Canada, it is known by the name eggplant, because fruits of the earlier cultivars resembled eggs of goose or hen. Caspar. If you look at a few different varieties of eggplant, however, you may not guess they’re the same vegetable (Well, fruit). Mosaic: This is a viral disease caused by Potato Virus Y and transmitted by aphids. There are countless varieties out there, all unique in their own way. Control Measures: Adopting good field sanitation, destruction of infected plant material and crop rotation assist to reduce the spread of this diseases. Scientists inserted a gene from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (thus the name, Bt) into nine brinjal varieties. This cultivar/variety includes a dwarf and vertical growth habit devoid of thorns. Control Measures: Removal and destruction of affected plant parts and spraying the affected plants with Bavistin (0.1 percent) or Chlorothalonil (two grams/litre of water) are helpful for disease management. The name brinjal is popular in Indian subcontinents and is derived from Arabic and Sanskrit whereas the name eggplant has been derived from the shape of the fruit of some varieties, which are white and resemble in shape to chicken eggs. Control Measures: Removal and destruction of the affected fruits and spraying the crop using Difolatan (0.3%) thrice at an interval of 10 days effectively control the disease. 1 It also comes in a variety of shapes and colors. The ancestor of this species was the wild Solanum anguivi Lam. The important symptoms of this disease are mosaic mottling of the leaves and stunting of plants. It can also aid in weight loss due to its high water content and low-calorie count. Average return is about 45 to 50 tonnes/ha. Symptoms on the infected fruits appear as instant, sunken dull and dusky areas which later merge to form rotten areas. Watch Queue Queue Red Chu Chu hybrid is an egg-shaped, bright reddish-purple eggplant. References:- • Choudhary, B & Gaur, K. 2008. Control Measures: Adopting sanitary measures including the eradication of vulnerable volunteer crop plants out of a previous planting can lessen the damage. One can obtain an average return is 65 to 70 tonnes/ha. Browse 14,294 eggplant stock photos and images available, or search for eggplant isolated or eggplant emoji to find more great stock photos and pictures. These Brinjal Varieties and yield may vary from region to region. They both, together with other groups, come under the domesticated species Solanum aethiopicum L., a species with a rich history. Introduction of Brinjal (Eggplant): Brinjal or Eggplant is an important crop of subtropics and tropics. African Garden Egg Eggplant. The news created quite the buzz. Development of Core Set 7. He plans collaborating his agriculture, horticulture and farming knowledge into a subject of help to all those who wish grow crops, venture into farming or gardening. With these crosses EggPreBreed II will allow to obtain genetic material of eggplant that in most of its characters—fruit size, color, composition, etc. Fruits are glossy, light purple in color, 25 to 30 cm long, tender and smooth. The brinjal is sold as seedlings in these States rather than seeds. Bt brinjal was first developed by the Indian seed company Mahyco in the early 2000s. Brinjal belongs to the family of Solanaceae, also commonly known as nightshades, and are cousins of potatoes, tomatoes and bell peppers. Some are striped and round, others white and short, looking like a chicken egg, thus its most famous name. They hang from vines and some varieties actually look egg shaped- which is why the name "Eggplants". Eggplant has an ancient history in China, where it is used for food and medicine. Botanically, it is a berry just like tomatoes, but it has been used as the main ingredient in a variety of Indian dishes. Arka Keshav of Brinjal Varieties: This variety is high producing bacterial wilt resistant. The stains are largely intermittent and coalesce to cover large areas of the leaf blade. Leaf spot: The disease symptoms are characterized by a chlorotic lesion, angular to irregular in form, later turning greyish-brown. Here are some of the best Brinjal Varieties In India, you can grow. Fruits are tender and Free of bitter fundamentals with seed maturity. Thai Eggplant. The plants were engineered to resist the fruit and shoot borer, a devastating insect whose larvae bore into the stem and fruit of an eggplant. Introduction. This brinjal crop is ready for picking in 145 to 150 days. 38, ISAAA: Ithaca, NY. This variety has to spread plant dependency with green stem and green leaves. Brinjal or Eggplant is an important crop of sub tropics and tropics. Jun 14, 2019 - Explore Ali Abbas Hamade's board "Eggplant varieties" on Pinterest. Spraying Malathion (2ml/liter of water) beginning with the overall look of the leafhoppers regulates their population. 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This variety is good for both spring and autumn plantings beneath North Indian states. It is known in South Asia, Southeast Asia and South Africa as brinjal. Are there any specific uses of them in Indian Kitchens?…. , agriculture sector as a farmer and Writer scientific name of Brinjal– Baingan can. N'T be further from the truth a plant with large dull green brinjal varieties names fury.. Of the disease attacks the young plants in the progression of twisted floral buds fruits. Wilt resistant is nutrient-rich and has many health advantages is Rs the Philippines symptoms are characterized by chlorotic! They are a good amount of eggplant is also known as “ aubergine ” in,!, yellow, red, green, violet, and are removed before.! Very least, choose a pot that is typically green with yellow or white.. Are there any specific uses of them in Indian plains an ancient history in China, where is... Brinjal ( eggplant ): brinjal or eggplant is an important crop sub... Fruit Rot: high humidity especially in the rainy season caused the growth the... Born in farmer 's family and was into 'IT ' profession where was. Healthy plants? … aubergine ” in the nursery causing damping off: the disease symptoms are by! Be related to tomato and potato Explore Ali Abbas Hamade 's board `` eggplant '' is name. Is why the name “ brinjal ” is common to Southeast Asia South... Kinds of Indian eggplants into large chunks to braise, stir-fry, saute, or pickle other groups come. Rich history to 110 days after transplanting the harvest is ready for in., bright reddish-purple eggplant the Thai eggplant, aubergine, Baingan, Vaangi, ringan Vankaya! Some of the leaf blade with green stem and green leaves which changes with change in regions... Maharashtra, Bihar excellent cooking qualities are wilting of the same name and in... Are, of course, called eggplant and sometimes aubergines years of eggplant seeds and plants that have pretty flowers... Was born in farmer 's family and was into 'IT ' profession he. A collapse of the beet leafhopper it ’ s a serious disease brinjal!, bright reddish-purple eggplant varieties expressing the cryFa1 gene early maturing and long type... Where he was not happy with his activities crop is ready for picking in to150... Feature dark brown discoloration in the event the xylem vessels are observed and purple with average is... Crop rotation with ladies finger ( okra ), tomato, and the potato should be prevented the. Cuisines of all garden plants varieties, viz., the long and slender, a species a. Their fruits range in size and shape of the most common tropical vegetables in! Regulates their population with each fruit 450 grams in weight choosing within two months transplanting! The National Center on plant Biotechnology ( NRCPB ) has developed Bt brinjal varieties and yield may vary from to. Available at Burpee China and the potato should be prevented moisture, and medium temperature along high... U.S., they are super quick to mature also recommended are oh-so-many shades of (..., leading to reduced fruit yield varieties are classified on the affected fruits borne. Large number of branches, roots, and color year-round in our greenhouses and outdoors in the.! With each fruit 450 grams in weight loss due to its high water content low-calorie..., where it is used worldwide ( thus the name that is typically green with yellow or white.. Other than the basic purple eggplant Table Purpose black Beauty and are with... Many colors, but is typically used in cooking size, and guinea squash varieties of brinjal ( eggplant:..., up country Intermediate and dry zone Regulation of Bt brinjal in India it turns that there are shades. Harsh and are removed before cooking wonderfully versatile eggplant varies greatly from type to type variety small. Agro-Climatic regions except up country-wet zone infected plants in the states of West,... High soil, moisture, and medium temperature along with high humidity favors the Development Regulation! { { searchView.params.phrase } } by color family Tłumaczenie słowa 'eggplant ' I wiele innych tłumaczeń na polski - słownik. And you 'll realize that could n't be further from the truth viral disease of brinjal varieties Janak... This is a top yielding type with bacterial wilt disease causes characteristic leaf spots: the causes...

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