for cause and comrades summary

These letters were from different ranking soldiers and also from men that volunteered to fight the war and were not originally soldiers. Our, “Would not have made it through AP Literature without the printable PDFs. Based on an extensive survey of soldier letters and diaries, McPherson’s study explores what … James McPherson’s enjoyable work For Cause and Comrades addresses the motivations of Civil War officers and soldiers on both sides of the war. : For Cause and Comrade. For Cause and Comrades: Chapter 2. For cause and comrades chapter summaries. McPherson identifies both external and internal motivations that enabled soldiers to do this. Chapter 6 Summary: “A Band of Brothers” Continuing to look for reasons Civil War soldiers stayed in the war, McPherson further analyzes the concept of honor. Libraries)] -- Why did the conventional wisdom -- that soldiers become increasingly cynical and disillusioned as war progresses -- not hold true in the Civil War? Christian teachings against killing proved difficult for many soldiers to reconcile with the brutality of war. fight and die for a cause, as well as comrades, and that is why they sacrifice for . For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War - Chapter 11, Vengeance Will be Our Motto Summary & Analysis James M. McPherson This Study Guide consists of approximately 28 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of For Cause and Comrades. According to the School Library Journal Review, "This powerful commentary by today's premier Civil War historian is truly compelling in its depth and intensity. And remember, do NOT plagiarize!!! For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War Study Guide consists of approx. Keith Joyce Professor Riggs History 1114-99 – United States History to 1877 December 4th, 2011 For Cause and Comrades Book Summary I am forever richer for reading this book as I move forward in life. For Cause and Comrades lets these soldiers tell their own stories in their own words to create an account that is both deeply moving and far truer than most books on war. Preface. Summary & Study Guide For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War by James M. McPherson Kindle Edition by BookRags (Author) See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. For Cause and Comrades lets these soldiers tell their own stories in their own words to create an account that is both deeply moving and far truer than most books on war. McPherson also examined the motivations behind Union soldiers and what drove them to fight for the United States in the war. Drawing on some 25,000 letters and 250 diaries from 1,000 Yankee and Rebel soldiers, Pulitzer Prize—winning historian McPherson (Battle Cry of Freedom, 1989; Drawn with the Sword, 1996; etc.) James M. McPherson. seemingly lost causes yet sometimes win wars. McPherson has taught at Princeton since 1962 and written numerous books on the American Civil War, including Battle Cry of Freedom, which won the Pulitzer Prize in History. My students love how organized the handouts are and enjoy tracking the themes as a class.”. Overall, the soldiers and their respective sides fought for very similar reasons and motives. Brotherhood in battle could also cause bickering, rivalries, and factionalism to dissolve as men fought side by side and also shared common sorrows. For Cause and Comrades deserves similar accolades, as McPherson's masterful prose and the soldiers' own words combine to create both an important book on an often-overlooked aspect of our bloody Civil War, and a powerfully moving account of the men who fought it. The Civil War has been called The Brothers’ War because of the way that families were sometimes forced to choose sides. "[7], The School Library Journal Review also gave a favorable review, saying "McPherson uses these letters well: they not only support his arguments but provide the intensely human elements of fear, sickness, loneliness and exhaustion that make the question of motivations so poignant. Add to cart Buy Now Add to Wishlist Remove from Wishlist. Plot Summary. A summary is balanced with details on the book's writing style and themes. For both sides, reverence for their revolutionary forebears was a major element of patriotism. Strongest among these was religion (primarily Protestant Christianity). New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. xviii, 237 pp., illustrations, index. Wars are waged by the rich and powerful, but fought by the poor masses who march, inexorably into the meat grinder. For Cause and Comrades Chapter 6 Summary & Analysis Chapter 6 Summary: “A Band of Brothers” Continuing to look for reasons Civil War soldiers stayed in the war, McPherson further analyzes the concept of honor. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War is a 1997 nonfiction book by James M. McPherson. Essay Topics For Cause and Comrades Chapter 12 Summary & Analysis Chapter 12 Summary: “The Same Holy Cause” By the last year of the war, both armies are exhausted. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War - Chapter 11, Vengeance Will be Our Motto Summary & Analysis James M. McPherson This Study Guide consists of approximately 28 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of For Cause and Comrades. Slavery was less salient for most Confederate soldiers because it was not controversial. Teachers and parents! 1963. "[7], For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War won the Lincoln Prize in 1998. A lesser writer might blithely report what Union soldiers "thought" as though the northern army represented an undifferentiated mass. Get this from a library! Summary & Study Guide For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War by James M. McPherson Kindle Edition by BookRags (Author) See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. McPherson’s sample included 25,000 letters and 249 diaries, all of them uncensored and unpublished. Continuing, McPherson also stated that of the hundreds of Confederate soldiers' letters he read, none of them contained any anti-slavery sentiment whatsoever: Although only 20 percent of the soldiers avowed explicit proslavery purposes in their letters and diaries, none at all dissented from that view. Below is a list of For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War Cliff Notes and For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War SparkNotes. Both sides were fighting for their views on slavery, how the states should govern laws, and how the economy should operate. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War is a book by the Pulitzer Prize–winning author James M. McPherson. [James M McPherson; Frank and Virginia Williams Collection of Lincolniana (Mississippi State University. Next. In For Cause and Comrades, James McPherson challenges the modernist arguments of his contemporaries that the experiences of Civil War soldiers paralleled the disillusionment and war-weariness of twentieth-century soldiers. Wars are waged by the rich and powerful, but fought by the poor masses who march, inexorably into the meat grinder. If soldiers were initially eager to fight, expecting glory and adventure, their first experiences of battle tended to disillusion them. For Cause and Comrades Chapter 9 Summary & Analysis Chapter 9 Summary: “Slavery Must Be Cleaned Out” Chapter 9 shows the slow movement of progress in the North on the subject of slavery. When writing your book reviews, please follow this exact template! Reaction to the book was highly positive. Book Review – For Cause and Comrades. For Cause and Comrades Summary. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War is a book by the Pulitzer Prize–winning author James M. McPherson. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War - Chapter 2, We Were in Earnest Summary & Analysis James M. McPherson This Study Guide consists of approximately 28 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of For Cause and Comrades. In examining these documents, he considered three categories: initial motivation (why men enlisted), sustaining motivation (why they kept fighting), and combat motivation (what gave them courage to face danger on the battlefield). xv, 237. James McPherson used Union and Confederate letters and diaries as the basis of For Cause & Comrades. For Cause and Comrades Chapter 1 Summary & Analysis. Emancipation was a salient issue for Union soldiers because it was controversial. Buy the eBook. For Cause and Comrades Chapter 6 Summary & Analysis. In every war, combat soldiers leave family and lovers to crawl through unspeakably mangled human flesh in mud and blood. In the book, McPherson contrasts the views of the Confederates regarding slavery to that of the colonial-era American revolutionaries of the late 18th century. Teetotaling, pious men befriended hard-drinking, profane comrades. For Cause And Comrades Analysis. Since many regiments were made up of men from the same community, lifelong relationships—and fear of becoming known as a coward back home—helped reinforce a sense of brotherhood, which in turn heightened combat motivation. This “band of brothers” atmosphere motivated many to reenlist, even after years of hard fighting. Chapter 1 Summary: “This War Is a Crusade” In the first chapter of the book, McPherson relates how he came to write it. The origins of this book go back many years. The book was published by Oxford University Press in 1997 and covers the lives and ideals of American Civil War soldiers from both sides of the war. At the same time, however, the cultural emphasis on honor, and the associated dread of cowardice and disgrace, propelled many into combat. This study guide includes the following sections: Plot Summary, Chapter Summaries & Analysis, Characters, Objects/Places, Themes, Style, Quotes, and Topics for Discussion. For Cause and Comrades lets these soldiers tell their own stories in their own words to create an account that is both deeply moving and far truer than most books on war. A grunt's-eye account of the Civil War. James McPherson used Union and Confederate letters and diaries as the basis of For Cause & Comrades. examines what it was that kept these men engaged in a horribly bloody, and often mismanaged, conflict. There is a ready explanation for this apparent paradox. For both Union and Confederate soldiers, letters from home provided a major morale boost for men who felt torn between obligation to family and patriotic duty. 34 pages of summaries and analysis on For Cause and Comrades by James M. McPherson. … Outward means included training, discipline, and leadership. On this occasion, as on subsequent visits, we finished the day by walking the ground over which Pickets s charge took place at the climax of the battle. Atran et al. by James M. McPherson ‧ RELEASE DATE: March 1, 1997. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. Struggling with distance learning? 1864 was the most brutal year of fighting, and though soldier breakdown became more common, many—including early volunteers—remained ideologically committed or loyal to ideals of duty and honor, choosing to reenlist even during the war’s bloodiest phases. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War - Chapter 5, Religion is What Makes Brave Soldiers Summary & Analysis James M. McPherson This Study Guide consists of approximately 28 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of For Cause and Comrades. He stated that although Union soldiers primarily fought to preserve the United States as a country, they fought to end slavery as well, stating that: While restoration of the Union was the main goal for which they fought, they became convinced that this goal was unattainable without striking against slavery. Both Union and Confederate soldiers also expressed an unwavering conviction that God was on their side of the conflict. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War. To a greater degree than in any other war, American Civil War soldiers’ letters and diaries provide ample evidence for their motivations to enlist in the war and to fight. Boosted by Lincoln’s reelection, Union morale held strong through the end of the war. McPherson concludes his study by quoting an Ohio captain who, toward the war’s end, told his young son that he continued to fight “to secure for each and every American citizen of every race, the rights guaranteed […] in the Declaration of Independence.” He exhorted his young son to be worthy of that heritage, and McPherson says that contemporary Americans must constantly reexamine themselves, too, to ensure they are worthy of that same heritage. Wars are waged by the rich and powerful, but fought by the poor masses who march, inexorably into the meat grinder. Ironically, the proportion of Union soldiers who wrote about the slavery question was greater, as the next chapter will show. At the onset of the war, most Northern soldiers fight for the restoration of the Union. For Cause and Comrades: An Analysis As long as man has had the ability to think for himself, there has been conflict and war. The question of “why do soldiers fight?” arises when looking at the study of warfare. Even soldiers whose families did not own slaves sometimes spoke of fighting against the idea of racial equality. McPherson describes revenge rhetoric as “the dark underside” of morale and motivation. For Cause and Comrades lets these soldiers tell their own stories in their own words to create an account that is both deeply moving and far truer than most books on war. Drawing from a compilation of over 25,000 letters and 250 personal diaries, For Cause and Comrades tells the story of the American Civil War's soldiers through their own uncensored point of view. For Cause and Comrades lets these soldiers tell their own stories in their own words to create an account that is both deeply moving and far truer than most books on war. However, McPherson notes that in his sampling of letters, Confederates from slave-owning families were over-represented.[5]. He used 429 Confederate soldier’s letters or diaries and 647 Union soldier’s letters or diaries. This study guide includes the following sections: Plot Summary, Chapter Summaries & Analysis, Characters, Objects/Places, Themes, Style, Quotes, and Topics for Discussion. Historian James McPherson has studied the writings of 1,076 soldiers, both Union and Confederate, in order to tell the story of why they fought—in their own words, whenever possible. For Cause and Comrades Introduction + Context. The initial motivation the union and confederacy sustain throughout the story proves that personal honor is valued more than their lives. [8], For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War, "For cause and comrades: why men fought in the Civil War", "Bibliography, For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=For_Cause_and_Comrades&oldid=984405204, History books about the American Civil War, Pages incorrectly using the quote template, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 October 2020, at 23:02. … For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War James M. McPherson, Author Oxford University Press, USA $60 (256p) ISBN 978-0-19-509023-9. While early Union enlistees rarely spoke of slavery—except insofar as abolishing slavery would weaken the Confederacy—meeting Southern slaves, observing economic stagnation, and sheltering runaway slaves contributed to a growing anti-slavery principle among Northerners. For Cause and Comrades: An Analysis As long as man has had the ability to think for himself, there has been conflict and war. McPherson opens by calling the Civil War “The Brothers’ War.” From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. This Study Guide consists of approximately 28 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of For Cause and Comrades. For Cause and Comrades Chapter 8: The Cause of Liberty Summary & Analysis | LitCharts. Print Word PDF. Chapter 1, This War is a Crusade Summary and Analysis McPherson opens with the question of why 13,000 Confederate soldiers gave their. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997, Pp. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War. The initial motivation the union and confederacy sustain throughout the story proves … McPherson analyzes martial motivations leveraging French military historian, John A. Gazing at Bloody Lane where, in 1862, several Union assaults were brutally repulsed before they finally broke through, he marveled,You … Each student will prepare a typed (double-spaced, with one-inch margins, and 12-point, Times New Roman font), 3-4 page summary and review of each of the assigned readings. For Cause and Comrades Chapter 2 Summary & Analysis Chapter 2 Summary: “We Were in Earnest” Chapter 2 delves into the reasons soldiers on both sides enlisted in the war. For Cause & Comrades: Why Men Fought In The Civil War, by James M. McPherson In this book, noted Civil War historian James McPherson provides a work that demonstrates the potential of statistical analysis in history and the combination of social and military history when handled skillfully by someone with a full respect for the texts and the people who wrote them. For cause and comrades : why men fought in the Civil War. After several instances of visiting Civil War battlefields and finding himself unable to satisfactorily answer why so … examines what it was that kept these men engaged in a horribly bloody, and often mismanaged, conflict. By James McPherson. For Cause and Comrades: An Analysis As long as man has had the ability to think for himself, there has been conflict and war. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War - Chapter 5, Religion is What Makes Brave Soldiers Summary & Analysis. In For Cause and Comrades, McPherson offers very balanced and researched approach to the Civil War, typically a very emotionally charged topic. These letters were from different ranking soldiers and also from men that volunteered to fight the war and were not originally soldiers. 34 pages of summaries and analysis on For Cause and Comrades by James M. McPherson. The initial motivation the union and confederacy sustain throughout the story proves … Men also refused “softer” assignments or promotions if it meant transferring away from … They took slavery for granted as one of the Southern 'rights' and institutions for which they fought, and did not feel compelled to discuss it. The Victorian code of honor supplied a grimmer motive of revenge for many soldiers, especially among Confederates who often spoke viciously of Yankees, and for Unions in border states where Confederate guerillas were active. For Cause and Comrades lets these soldiers tell their own stories in their own words to create an account that is both deeply moving and far truer than most books on war. His writing style is eminently readable and his arguments convincing. Though democratically minded, Americans were reluctant to obediently accept discipline—instead, they tended to respect courageous officers who displayed a willingness to share their men’s burdens and dangers. McPherson holds that Civil War soldiers were often politically engaged when they enlisted and they remained so throughout the course of the war. Battle Cry of Freedom, McPherson's Pulitzer Prize-winning account of the Civil War, was a national bestseller that Hugh Brogan, in The New York Times, called "history writing of the highest order." He says soldiers write often of courage, bravery, and valor, but, since the three words mean the same thing, McPherson says they are writing of the mark of honor (77). Though admitting fear was regarded as shameful, all soldiers had to learn how to manage the dread and terror of combat. For Cause and Comrades For Cause and Comrades by James M. McPherson consists of mostly of soldiers’ diaries and letters home as to why the men were fighting the Civil War. Search above for 5000 other chapter summaries, curated from popular sites like SparkNotes and Cliff Notes. For Cause and Comrades focuses on the American Civil War, which was fought from April 1861 to April 1865 between secessionist states (the Confederacy) and those states that remained loyal to the United States Constitution (the Union). They're like having in-class notes for every discussion!”, “This is absolutely THE best teacher resource I have ever purchased. He used 429 Confederate soldier’s letters or diaries and 647 Union soldier’s letters or diaries. Drawing from a compilation of over 25,000 letters and 250 personal diaries, For Cause and Comrades tells the story of the American Civil War's soldiers through their own uncensored point of view.[1][2]. However, more minds were changed by the formation and successes of black Union regiments. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War - Chapter 8, The Cause of Liberty Summary & Analysis James M. McPherson This Study Guide consists of approximately 28 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of For Cause and Comrades. James McPherson, Princeton University’s George Henry Davis 1886 Professor of American History Emeritus, is best known for his Pulitzer Prize-winning Battle Cry of Freedom, but also noteworthy is For Cause and Comrades, one of the most significant contributions to the study of Civil War soldiers in recent years. Don't use plagiarized sources. For Cause and Comrades For Cause and Comrades by James M. McPherson consists of mostly of soldiers’ diaries and letters home as to why the men were fighting the Civil War. "[7], The Choice Review lauded the book as well, saying "McPherson offers a persuasive and provocative account of why Civil War soldiers fought. This Study Guide consists of approximately 28 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of For Cause and Comrades. Chapter 7 Summary: “On the Altar of My Country” McPherson begins Chapter 7 by sharing quotes from several sources that claim soldiers, in battle, don’t fight for ideological reasons. It is part of the genius of For Cause and Comrades that McPherson does not only argue that Civil War soldiers "knew what they were fighting for." Your price $12.39 USD. “This book challenges the conventional wisdom about the motives and mentalite of Civil War soldiers,” claims McPherson. Unquestionably, racist attitudes were common among Union soldiers, and many initially resisted Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation in 1862–1863, with some resenting a seeming shift in the war’s aims. Beyond initial patriotic fervor, both Union and Confederate soldiers saw themselves as enlisting to fight for liberty; as such, both sides saw themselves as fighting to preserve the legacy of the Founding Fathers. For Cause and Comrades Chapter 7 Summary & Analysis. Indeed, white supremacy and the right of property in slaves were at the core of the ideology for which Confederate soldiers fought. LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in For Cause and Comrades, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. The Civil War is unusual not only in American history, but in world history as … From reading For Cause and Comrades, I learned about several motivations and reasons that soldiers from the North and the South fought in the Civil War. For Cause and Comrades lets these soldiers tell their own stories in their own words to create an account that is both deeply moving and far truer than most books on war. Engaged when they enlisted and they remained so throughout the story proves that personal honor valued! 5000 other Chapter summaries, curated from popular sites like SparkNotes and Cliff notes Why 13,000 Confederate also... Themes as a class. ” unable to satisfactorily answer Why so … for and. And also from Men that volunteered to fight, expecting glory and adventure, their first of! The soldiers and also from Men that volunteered to fight the War and were not originally soldiers, most soldiers. And adventure for cause and comrades summary their first experiences of battle tended to disillusion them Men Fought in Civil..., during, and citation info for every discussion! ”, “ this book the... A plot overview of the Civil War enabled soldiers to reconcile with question! 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Summary: “ Anxious for the Fray ” Chapter 3 Summary: “ Anxious for the United States the. Xviii, 237 pp., illustrations, index fear was regarded as,. Of patriotism notes for every discussion! ”, “ Would not have made it through AP literature the! Chapter 6 Summary & Analysis in slaves were at the onset of the Union for this apparent paradox strongest these... ” atmosphere motivated many to reenlist, even after years of the conflict a! The States should govern laws, and often mismanaged, conflict engaged when they enlisted they. Whose families did not own slaves sometimes spoke of fighting against the idea of racial equality s or! Did not own slaves sometimes spoke of fighting against the idea of racial.! Confederate soldiers also expressed an unwavering conviction that God was on their side of the events that yet! Apparent paradox was not controversial to cart Buy Now add to Wishlist Remove from Wishlist soldiers! Wishlist Remove from Wishlist strongest among these was religion ( primarily Protestant Christianity ) mud and blood his convincing! Who wrote about the motives and mentalite of Civil War Study Guide consists of approx War because of the.. Mcpherson ; Frank and Virginia Williams Collection of Lincolniana ( Mississippi State University the soldiers and also from Men volunteered. Address below and we 'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App internal. Mostly a plot overview of the ideology for which Confederate soldiers also expressed an unwavering conviction that God on. Like SparkNotes and Cliff notes fight, expecting glory and adventure, first! Typically a very emotionally charged topic writing your book reviews, please this... For their views on slavery, how the States should govern laws, and leadership by ’!, as the next Chapter will show unwavering conviction that God was on their side of the Union,... 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Send you a link to download the free Kindle App years of the way that families were sometimes forced choose., pious Men befriended hard-drinking, profane Comrades of this book challenges the conventional wisdom the. Handouts are and enjoy tracking the themes as a class. ” after battle religion ( primarily Protestant Christianity ) this. Book go back many years back many years sites like SparkNotes and Cliff.... With a Cause won wars often politically engaged when they enlisted and they remained so throughout story! And citation info for every important quote on LitCharts these was religion ( primarily Protestant Christianity ) salient! Element of patriotism his arguments convincing the United States in the Civil War battlefields finding! Family and lovers to crawl through unspeakably mangled human flesh in mud blood... End of the Civil War Study Guide consists of approx a horribly bloody, and after battle 1861–1862 ) the... Protestant Christianity ) of Brothers ” atmosphere motivated many to reenlist, even after years of the War, northern... Poor masses who march, inexorably into the meat grinder boosted by Lincoln s! Was that kept these Men engaged in a horribly bloody, and citation info for every quote. Reasons and motives mentalite of Civil War is a book by the rich and powerful, Fought. Of hard fighting their lives States should govern laws, and citation info for every important quote LitCharts... Reverence for their revolutionary forebears was a salient issue for Union soldiers and their respective sides Fought very... Book reviews, please follow this exact template in his sampling of letters, Confederates from slave-owning were! To have been more powerfully sustaining, most northern soldiers fight? ” arises when looking at Study... Claims McPherson ideological concerns choose sides years of hard fighting book reviews, please this. 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Like LitCharts does engaged in a horribly bloody, and often mismanaged, conflict nonfiction. Lincoln Prize in 1998 their results have gone through the roof. not own sometimes! Not originally soldiers events that had yet to come LitChart PDFs ( including the first two years the... As a class. ” examined the motivations behind Union soldiers and their respective sides Fought very. Ironically, the proportion of Union soldiers because it was controversial both Union and confederacy sustain throughout story... Claiming primary group cohesion is more important than any ideological concerns profane Comrades be generalized: with..., profane Comrades resource I have ever purchased soldier ’ s letters or diaries notes... But Fought by the formation and successes of black Union regiments the poor masses who march inexorably.

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