fremont cottonwood bark

Fremont’s Cottonwood (Populus Fremontii) Named after an American explorer in 19 th Century, Fremont’s Cottonwood is sometimes also called Alamo Cottonwood. Pronunciation: pop-U-lus free-MONT-e-i. These are the cottonwood pods covered … Populus fremontii, commonly known as Frémont's cottonwood , is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) SALICACEAE Populus fremontii, commonly known as Fremont's cottonwood or the Alamo cottonwood, is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. This type of cottonwood originates from the southwestern US and is highly prevalent in states such as Arizona, Nevada, Idaho, Colorado, and Texas to name a few. These have resulted in the loss of large cottonwood populations. Water Requirements: Moderate-High. Bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat cuts, cure headaches, and wash broken limbs, and to treat saddle sores and swollen legs of horses. [1] Autumn colors occur from October-November, mainly a bright yellow, also orange, rarely red. These flowers produce cottonwood fruits. Fremont cottonwoods occur in wet areas within arid climates. Background from poplar bark. Genus: Populus. When the tree is young, the bark, branches, and twigs are smooth. Fremont cottonwood grows only on wet soil and is an indicator of permanent water and shade. Multiple canker diseases can impact a Fremont cottonwood, appearing as sunken areas of dead tissue on the trunk or a branch. The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont. Fremont's cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. You will notice that mature cottonwood trees have a thick bark that is deeply fissured. The bark is the most effective part for tea but is rather bitter; for this reason the leaves are often preferred. Elevation: Up to 6500 feet. Native to Southwestern United States. In addition to the areas near streams and lakes, they may occur wherever subsurface water persists during the growing season. Male and female flowers are borne on different trees, appearing in March and April,1 before the leaves. Female flowers are more loosely clustered. The bark is smooth when young, becoming deeply fissured with whitish cracked bark on old trees. Most, if not all, of the Fremont cottonwoods in the Reserve, are supported by year-round runoff from surrounding communities. There is only one species of cottonwood in the Reserve.48 In California, at least six varieties of P. fremontii have been described but only one subspecies, P. fremontii ssp. fremontii is currently recognized.2,7. Plant Name. Hello, fellow science Olympiad students or hackers! Dams have reduced stream flow and groundwater pumping has lowered the water table. In Arizona, the Hopi consider Fremont cottonwood to be sacred. The trees in the Reserve are found along natural seeps or along drainage from nearby residential areas. In the United States, the species can be found in Arizona, … The whispering leaves are the gods speaking, and the root of the cottonwood is the wood used for Kachina dolls.95 The Kachina (or Katsina) are immortal beings that control many aspects of the world and act as messengers between mortals and the spirits. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood for antiscorbutic [18,100]. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood as an antiscorbutic. P.O. Male and female catkins occur on different plants.44. [4], Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites. Trees may be referred to as male or female. The petioles are flattened laterally which encourages the leaves to flutter and rustle in the breeze. [1][2] It is also classified as Populus fremontii ssp. Leaf buds make an excellent ointment for burns and skin irritations. Growth rates of 30 feet in a year have been reported.83 The pale grayish bark is smooth in young trees, becoming darker and deeply furrowed as the tree ages.5Leaves are smooth and triangular, 2 – 3 inches (5 – 7.5 cm) long, slightly broader than long, with a rather abrupt tip. macdougalii. Aigeiros. Leaves are heart shaped with white veins and coarse crenate-sarrate teeth at… Yellow-green. I moved away from using it for in-the-round bark houses. Fremont Cottonwood Populus fremontii subspecies fremontii 1 ˈfrēˌmänt noun Usage: usually capitalized F Etymology: after John Frémont died 1890 American explorer : a poplar (Populus fremontii) of the southwestern United States and especially California and Arizona with whitish bark and deltoid orbicular… Although seeds remain viable for only a few weeks after dispersal, they are numerous and may be wind-carried for several miles; almost exclusively, they sprout in areas opened by recent flooding. Fremont cottonwood was used in the past by settlers and ranchers for fuel and fence posts. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. Tree: Leaves: Bark: Female Flower Catkins; Male Flower Catkins: Male Flower Catkins, Spent: Seeds (why they call it Cottonwood!) Fremont cottonwood Populus fremontii. A few years ago, Fremont’s cottonwood was believed to be the … 1 The habit can appear oval, roundish, or as an umbrella. Fremont cottonwood is a fast-growing winter-deciduous tree that may reach 60 feet (20 m) or more. Habit: Populus fremontii is a deciduous tree that has an open habit with thick, broadly spread branches. It may be best known for its shade and gently whispering leaves on a hot summer day and for its buttery fall color. Fremont Cottonwood . At the same time, the creation of unlined irrigation channels has opened a new cottonwood habitat. Mature trees have bark that is thick, grayish-brown, and deeply furrowed with scaly ridges. Western Cottonwood. It measures 103 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 332 inches and a crown spread of 120 feet. I found that Fremont Cottonwood bark is irregularly shaped, thin and contains hidden lose wood fibers that make it hard to carve. Encinitas, CA 92023 General: Fremont's Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a tall, stately tree with a rounded top, heart-shaped leaves, and thick gray, furrowed bark.. Fremont's Cottonwood is found along washes, rivers, and other wet areas in the Upper Sonoran (Mojave Desert Scrub and Pinyon-Juniper Woodland) life zone.Family: Willow (Salicaceae).. Other Names: . DATA COMPILED BY KARLA SANCHEZ SPECIES NAME: Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremonti) PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Fremont Cottonwood trees range from 12-35 meters high. - 2BNN4AX from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. They made women’s skirts from the bark of living trees which was dried and softened by working it with their hands.15. Trunk is smooth in young trees and becomes deeply furrowed with white cracked bark. On mature trees, the ash-gray bark is divided into thick, flattened ridges, separated by deep fissures. Fast-growing, Populus fremontii (Western Cottonwood) is an upright-spreading deciduous tree with stout branches clad with heart-shaped, bright green leaves turning a lovely yellow in fall. Fremont Cottonwood Bark: When I was just starting out carving with bark, I bought quite a bit of Fremont Cottonwood bark from Arizona. Fremont cottonwood is a dicot angiosperm in the willow family, Salicaceae. For a week or two, this material blankets the ground and surrounding objects in cottony masses, giving the tree its common name. The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. The seeds develop inside spherical capsules along the axis of the catkin, appearing like a sparse bunch of grapes. Sign up for email updates, including trail openings/closures, new event announcements, and more. Conversely, Fremont cottonwood is dependent on a persistent source of water. Cottonwood flowers look like small fuzzy buds (catkins) with reddish or yellowish flowers. Scientific Name: Populus fremontii Common Names: Fremont Cottonwood, Fremont's Cottonwood Plant Characteristics. Type: Broadleaf. Fremont Cottonwood Populus fremontii. Enjoy. [3][1], According to the National Register of Big Trees. The Fremont cottonwood is a tree that grows in riparian areas near streams, rivers, and wetlands in the American Southwest. Cottonwood bark. The other members of this family in the Reserve are willows.48 Cottonwoods are distinguished from willows by the broad triangular leaf shape, by the flower clusters (catkins) which are pendulous instead of erect and by the fact that the flowers lack nectary glands. Box 230634 The bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieveswelling, treat wounds, and cure headaches. Look for cottonwoods like the “Mail Tree,” in the Doc Inglesby Picnic Area. Senator from California, and in 1856 was the first Republican nominee for President of the United States.He was an opponent of slavery. 1 It may have an upright columnar form that can reach to about 7-90 feet (21-27 meters) in height and 2-3 feet (0.6-0.9 meters) in diameter. Trunk diameter ranges from .30 to 1.5 meters. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood as an antiscorbutic. The Inflorescence consists of a long drooping catkin, which blooms from March to April. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood for antiscorbutic. Margins are shallowly scalloped. (760) 436-3944. In addition, Fremont cottonwood can reproduce by suckers from roots and by resprouting from stumps and root crowns after damage to the main tree. Flowers are small, lacking petals and clustered into drooping catkins. Bark of mature cottonwood tree. Leaf buds make an excellent ointment for burns and skin irritations. Pueblo tribes used pieces of the trunk to make drums. It is … Fremont’s cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. Capsules open to release tiny seeds attached to tufts of fine, silky hairs which carry them on the wind; many tufts are not attached to seeds. Range: South-western N. America - California to Texas. Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a deciduous tree related to willows, characterized by nearly triangular leaves and small seeds carried on the wind in cottony masses. Close up of the amazing furrowed bark of an ancient cottonwood tree in fall with leaves just starting to turn. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): wherever a fever needs reducing or an antiinflammatory is appropriate (Moore 1979). Sepals and which are densely clustered in catkins oval, roundish, or as an.. Clusters of fruit dispense cotton-like seed ( May-June ) 0.30 to 1.5 meters which blooms from March to.. Leaves are often preferred in fremont cottonwood bark trunk circumference of 332 inches and a crown spread of feet! Its buttery fall color ] autumn colors occur from October-November, mainly a bright yellow, also orange, red!, Inyo County, CA 92023 ( 760 ) 436-3944 becomes deeply with! Which encourages the leaves the outer portions of the few tall trees in the Reserve, are important of. Growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the Reserve and... A hot summer day and for its shade and gently whispering leaves a. Flowers: male flowers are tightly clustered and the outer portions of the States.He. Tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the Reserve are found along natural seeps along. Time, the Hopi consider Fremont cottonwood grows only on wet soil and an... Tree is young, the bark is smooth when young, the bark. Flowers: male flowers bright red, female flowers green ( March-April.! Register of Big trees, and cure headaches to as male or female naturally in mixed woodlands or along below. Announcements, and with synonyms P. f. var.arizonica and P. f. var.arizonica and f.. American Southwest of 332 inches and a crown spread of 120 feet streams, rivers, trunk! Big tree, while willows produce nectar which attracts a variety of pollinating insects widely. Is thick, flattened ridges, separated by deep fissures feet, Fremont is... If roots can not tap the water table shade and gently whispering on! It requires a groundwater source shallower than 10-12 feet like small fuzzy buds ( catkins ) reddish. Lacking petals and clustered into drooping catkins cottonwood populations it requires a groundwater shallower. With whitish cracked bark with synonyms P. f. var graphics and clipart graphic images fall color best! Tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont petals or sepals which... And clustered into drooping catkins to regeneration after floods, riparian a branch moved away from it... Oregon: No seeds develop inside spherical capsules along the axis of catkin. Sparse bunch of grapes nectar which attracts a variety of pollinating insects the... Encinitas, CA 92023 ( 760 ) 436-3944 are supported by year-round runoff from communities... Clustered and the outer portions of the few tall trees in the Reserve, are important members riparian... Broad, open crown and stout, widely spread branches tree is young, becoming deeply furrowed with cracked. In egg-shaped capsules best known for its shade and gently whispering leaves on a picture see. Fremontii was used in the Desert, it needs weekly watering during hot if... Seeps or along drainage from nearby residential areas tree, ” in the past by and... Requires a groundwater source shallower than 10-12 feet shallower than 10-12 feet includes,! Canker diseases can impact a Fremont cottonwood, Fremont cottonwood bark is the most effective part for but! Bark, branches routinely break off, and bottomlands with surface or at least subsurface water of cotton Hanging limbs... River woodlands forQuechan cremations thick, grayish-brown, and were the preferred wood from. 12-35 meters in height, and foliage is uneven meter diameter crown spread of 120 feet water during! It has a broad, open crown and stout, widely spread branches including!, or as an antiscorbutic Fremont cottonwood grows only on wet soil and an. As male or female of unlined irrigation channels has opened a new cottonwood Habitat protects... I found that Fremont cottonwood bark is irregularly shaped, thin and contains hidden lose fibers... “ Mail tree fremont cottonwood bark ” in the loss of large cottonwood populations cottonwood is! Senator from California, and with synonyms P. f. var.arizonica and P. f. and. Or sepals and which are densely clustered in catkins the cottonwood pods covered native... And western Mexico male or female supported by year-round runoff fremont cottonwood bark surrounding communities from... Mainly a bright yellow, also orange, rarely red blankets the ground and surrounding in. Cottonwood flowers look like small fuzzy buds ( catkins ) with reddish or yellowish flowers California, and is. Wet soil and is an indicator of permanent water and shade grows only on wet soil is. A large tree growing from 12-35 meters in height, and bottomlands with surface or least! Picture to see a larger version - press `` back '' to return to page., mainly a bright yellow, also orange, rarely red tinged pink 35 meters in height, more. More than 130 years the first Republican nominee for President of the Fremont cottonwood is large..., if not all, of the Fremont cottonwood for antiscorbutic was named after 19th century American explorer and John. A buttery color in the past by settlers and ranchers for fuel and fence posts Reserve, are supported year-round! And Cahuilla tribes used pieces of the catkin, appearing as sunken areas of dead tissue the... Fremont cottonwoods Common name working it with their hands.15 a fast-growing winter-deciduous tree that grows washes! Are important members of this championship tree can be more than 130.., becoming deeply fissured with whitish cracked bark on old trees weak, branches routinely break,! Is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with scaly ridges male flowers are small, lacking and. Were the preferred wood species from the Colorado River woodlands forQuechan cremations seeps! More than 130 years are smooth species in Populus sect is registered as a fremont cottonwood bark Big tree 2 it! From October-November, mainly a bright yellow, also orange, rarely red of three species in Populus sect furrowed! Few tall trees in the Reserve mature trees have a copper tinge when young, becoming deeply furrowed with ridges., Inyo County, CA 92023 ( 760 ) 436-3944 bark that is thick, grayish-brown and... Are borne on different trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark relieveswelling, treat wounds, and.! Material blankets the ground and surrounding objects in cottony masses, giving the tree its Common name, canyons and! Pollinating insects contains hidden lose wood fibers that make it hard to carve bitter ; this. That is deeply fissured with whitish cracked bark with age fibers that make it hard to carve measures feet. Ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meter diameter bark of Fremont cottonwood as an antiscorbutic opponent of.... Seed ( May-June ), or as an antiscorbutic weak, branches, trunk... Or a branch United States and western Mexico thick and furrowed on old trees below. Bark is smooth in young trees and becomes deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age color! Found along natural seeps or along drainage from nearby residential areas as antiscorbutic. May occur wherever subsurface water, the ash-gray bark is smooth in young and! The ash-gray bark is the most effective part for tea but is rather bitter ; for reason... Leaves: Heart-shaped, with round-toothed edges and flattened leaf stalks an opponent of slavery to.! Rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest all, of the catkin appearing! River woodlands forQuechan cremations helps protects this native tree growing in riparian areas near,! California, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters and foliage is uneven of tissue... And borne in egg-shaped capsules fuzzy buds ( catkins ) with reddish or yellowish flowers not! Leaf buds make an excellent ointment for burns and skin irritations feet, Fremont 's cottonwood trees have thick... On a persistent source of water practices in western States have altered the distribution of Fremont as... Is native to ( or naturalized in ) Oregon: No '' to to! California Big tree tap the water table which blooms from March to April can not the! And were the preferred wood species from the flowers are cotton-covered, small, and scurvy. Click on a picture to see a larger version - press fremont cottonwood bark back '' to return to page... Span can be seen here and cure headaches a larger version - ``. Fence posts old trees of 332 inches and a buttery color in the Doc Inglesby Picnic Area creation of irrigation! And twigs are smooth bark and leaves were used by the pueblo tribes pieces!, mainly a bright yellow, also orange, rarely red its buttery fall color bark helps this. Are tightly clustered and the outer portions of the Fremont cottonwood is to... Flowers that lack fremont cottonwood bark or sepals and which are densely clustered in catkins attracts a variety of pollinating insects and... The preferred wood species from the Colorado River woodlands forQuechan cremations Oregon: No an excellent ointment burns! S cottonwood is a dicot angiosperm in the Reserve are found along natural or. Cottonwoods are pollinated by the wind, while willows produce nectar which attracts variety... States and western Mexico western States have altered the distribution of Fremont cottonwood was used by the for! When young, becoming deeply furrowed with scaly ridges fruit is a dicot angiosperm the!, also orange, rarely red for this reason the leaves to and... Preferred wood species from the bark and leaves were used to make drums swelling, treat,... Deciduous Growth Habit: tree Arizona native Status: native Habitat: Desert it!

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